General characteristics of the Germanic languages by Antoine Meillet

Cover of: General characteristics of the Germanic languages | Antoine Meillet

Published by University of Alabama Press in Tuscaloosa .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Germanic languages -- Grammar, Comparative.

Edition Notes

Originally published: Coral Gables, Fla. : University of Miami Press, 1970. (Miami linguistics series ; no. 6)

Book details

Statementby Antoine Meillet ; translated by William P. Dismukes.
SeriesMiami linguistics series ;, no. 6.
ContributionsDismukes, William P. 1903-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsPD101 .M413 2005
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3426679M
ISBN 100817352953
ISBN 109780817352950
LC Control Number2005050580

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The West Germanic dialects General characteristics of the Germanic languages book affected by the second shift were the Low German dialects of the lowlands, from which Dutch and English evolved. Also peculiar to the Germanic languages is the recessive accent, whereby the stress usually falls on the first or root syllable of a word, especially a word of Germanic origin.

Classics on Indo-European languages. Antoine Meillet () is one of the most important linguists of all time. A French linguist and Indo-Europeanist, he was the author of over two dozen books and reference works that are still widely consulted, including The Comparative Method in Historical Linguistics and General Characteristics of the Germanic Languages.

Get this from a library. General characteristics of the Germanic languages. [A Meillet; William P Dismukes]. Professor of Linguistics, Princeton University, – Professor of Germanic Linguistics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, – Author of The Sounds of English and German.

In numbers of native speakers, English, with million, clearly ranks third among the languages of the world. Antoine Meillet (–) is one of the most important linguists of all time. A French linguist and Indo-Europeanist, he was the author of over two dozen books and reference works that are still widely consulted, including The Comparative Method in Historical Linguistics and General Characteristics of the Germanic t was a student of Ferdinand de Saussure, intellectual.

Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages. Proto-Germanic developed from pre-Proto-Germanic General characteristics of the Germanic languages book three branches during the first half of the first millennium of the Common Era: West Germanic, East Germanic and North Germanic, which however remained in contact over a.

Where the mapping from graphic unit to speech unit is highly reliable, whether syllabic or alphabetic, decoding tends to be taught—in Japan, as well as in Korea and most Romance, Germanic, and Slavonic language areas of Europe.

In general, children in these language areas are explicitly taught grapheme–phoneme or grapheme–syllable. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: Translation of Caractères généraux des langues germaniques. Description: viii, pages 24 cm. Search Tips. Phrase Searching You can use double quotes to search for a series of words in a particular order.

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'The Germanic Languages is a comprehensive survey of Germanic languages characterized by conciseness and lucidity. The way the languages are treated in this edition as well as its editorial organization make it a recommendable reference book for students of the Germanic philology as well as a useful source of information for linguistics dealing either with comparative or Reviews: 8.

West Germanic languages - West Germanic languages - German: German is spoken throughout a large area in central Europe, where it is the national language of Germany and of Austria and one of the three official languages of Switzerland (the others are French and Italian, and Romansh has a special status).

From this homeland it has been carried by emigration to many other parts of the world. It covers 7 of the older Germanic languages -- Gothic, Old Norse, Old English, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Old Low Franconian, and Old High German. The book begins with an introduction to the Germanic language family, then it moves on to a chapter about the grammatical features that tend to prevail throughout all of the old Germanic s: Linguistic features of Germanic languages: vowels.

Germanic languages also have some peculiarities in the sphere of vowel sounds, which distinguish them from other Indo-European languages.

Their main characteristic feature in this sphere is the treatment of the Indo-European short vowels o and a and the long vowels o and a.

Here are some characteristics: * Capital letter is used for nouns, names and verbs that are used as a noun. * * die Frau - the woman * Mein Name ist Alex.

- my name is Alex. * Das Schneiden der Tomate ist anstrengend. - Cutting the tomato is exha. Spread of Germanic languages: Icelandic (spoken in Iceland by thou.

people) - Norwegian (spoken in Norway by 5 mill. people) - Danish (spoken in Denmark by 5 mill. people) - Swedish (spoken in Sweden and Finland by 9 mill. people) - Faroese (spoken in the Faroe Islands (north-east Atlantic) by 40 thou.

people) - English (spoken by mill. people as a mother tongue + millions speak it. West Germanic languages all trace back to one parent language. No one knows its name or exactly how it sounded. Linguists theorize its characteristics from modern languages that descended from it.

Just like children who inherit features from their parents, languages that share West Germanic parentage have family characteristics. language and identity. Language reflects both the individual characteristics of a person, as well as the beliefs and practices of his or her community.

You’ll also learn that languages are rule-governed systems made up of signs, so for an outsider to learn the language of a. German language facts. Every 10th book published worldwide is in German language.

Due to its feudal history, unification and standardization of German language was not brought about till the 18th century when many outstanding writers (Goethe, Schiller,) took great pains to form the language.

For those with a much more general interest in the Germanic languages, I would recommend the following: "The Germanic Languages" edited by Ekkehard König and Johan van der Auwera.

Gives a much more flowing introduction and comparison of both historical and modern Germanic languages. "Language and History in the early Germanic world" by D.H.

s: 3. After AD, the North Germanic languages started to evolve more and started to distinguish themselves as different from the rest of the Germanic languages. However, they retained a lot of characteristics that all Germanic languages shared at one point, such as the use of the i-umlaut (also known as the Germanic umlaut).

Some of the shared characteristics of the Germanic languages include (but are not even slightly limited to) the following: * Verb conjugation systems that divide verbs into 'strong' or 'weak' verbs. Strong verbs involve changes in the vowel of t. 10 Characteristics of Language - Some of the salient properties/characteristics of language are: Primarily, language is the instrument of communication and dissemination of information, ideas and emotions.

It forms the link between diverse groups and generations and helps in the transmission of. Germanic has a number of unique vocabulary items, words which have no known cognates in other Indo-European languages.

These words may have been lost in the other Indo-European languages, borrowed from non-Indo-European languages, or perhaps coined in Germanic. Among these words are Modern English rain, drink, drive, broad, hold, wife, meat, fowl.

can talk about a specific language e.g. English, German, Swahili etc. or about language as such. In linguistics, we are interested in both of these fields, whereby General Linguistics will tend to concentrate on the latter topic and the individual language departments on their specific language.

Jean Boase-Beier is Senior Lecturer in German, Linguistics and Translation Studies in the School of Language, Linguistics and Translation Studies of the University of East Anglia, where she runs the MA course in literary translation.

She is author of Poetic Compounds: The Principles of Poetic Language in Modern English Poetry () as well as many articles on morphology and translation.

A German-language periodical index and bibliography of other publications in all aspects of German language and literature this is one of the most important sources of bibliographical information for general as well as English, German and Romance linguistics.

Datenbank für Gesprochenes books, papers, monographs, dissertations on all. The yellow books are also similar to “Mittelpunkt” in that they are from a German publisher, Hueber Verlag, for the German market – meaning that readers should be comfortable with a full-immersion text.

Fit für Hueber Verlag has an entire catalog of German language materials, but their test preparation books truly stand out. The differences between English and German. Introduction: German is spoken by about 95 million people worldwide, and is the official language of Germany, Austria and parts of Switzerland.

English and German both belong to the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Because they are so closely related, they share many features. English is a Germanic language which simply means that it has historical connections to a group of languages which are found primarily in Europe.

The Germanic Language. The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about million people [nb 1] mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania and Southern most widely spoken Germanic language, English, is the world's most widely spoken language with an estimated 2 billion Germanic languages are derived from Proto-Germanic.

The Germanic languages are a branch of Indo-European languages. They came from one language, "Proto-Germanic", and were originally spoken in Northern, Western and Central Europe. The Germanic languages are separated into the East Germanic languages (all extinct), the North Germanic languages and the West Germanic languages.

Germanic / jərˈmanik / • adj. of, relating to, or denoting the branch of the Indo-European language family that includes English, German, Dutch, Frisian, the Scandinavian languages, and Gothic.

∎ of, relating to, or denoting the peoples of ancient northern and western Europe speaking such languages. having characteristics of or attributed to Germans or Germany: she had an. This book presents new empirical findings about Germanic heritage varieties spoken in North America: Dutch, German, Pennsylvania Dutch, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, West Frisian and Yiddish, and varieties of English spoken both by heritage speakers and in communities after language shift.

Synopsis of Pitfalls in German. A valuable reference guide thatpinpoints and corrects errors students are most likely to make when writing or speaking German. Idioms, exceptions to grammatical rules, word order in sentences, regional variations, and potential confusions between Der and Ein words are among the many problem areas that are clearly explained.

It appears that Germanic has inherited and preserved many IE features in lexis a well as at other levels. The most ancient etymological layer in the Germanic vocabulary is made up of words (or, more precisely, roots) shared by IE languages.

They refer to a number of semantic spheres: natural phenomena, plants and animals, terms of kinship and. Still earlier, Germanic was just a dialect (the ancestors of Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit were three other such dialects) of a language conventionally designated Indo-European, and thus English is just one relatively young member of an ancient family of languages whose descendants cover a.

Ancient Origins articles related to Germanic in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends.

(Page of tag Germanic). GERMANIC LANGUAGES. A group of related languages including ENGLISH, DUTCH, FRISIAN, GERMAN, the SCANDINAVIAN LANGUAGES (DANISH, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish), and a number of derived languages (YIDDISH from German, AFRIKAANS from Dutch) as well as the extinct Burgundian, GOTHIC, NORN, and spite of a scholarly tradition going back at least to Jacob.

Celtic Language: Decline and Extinction. As it was however, the Celtic tongue continued in general use for less than a millenium, and disappeared for two reasons. German Standard German is used throughout the media, politics and education in Germany. If you watch the news from Germany, it’s what you’re hearing.

If you read a book from Germany, it’s what you’re reading. If you study abroad in Germany, it will be the language of your classes. The Germanic languages are a language family in the Indo-European came from one language, "Proto-Germanic", and were originally spoken in northern, western and central Europe.

The Germanic languages are separated into the East Germanic languages (these are no longer spoken), the North Germanic languages and the West Germanic languages.

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